Date of this Version
Juvenile hormone titers and reproductive characteristics were measured in adult wing and flight-muscle morphs of the wing-polymorphic cricket, Gryllus firmus, during the first week of adulthood. This species has three morphs: one flight capable morph with fully-developed wings and fully-developed flight muscles [LW(F)], one flightless morph with fully-developed wings and histolyzed (non-functional) flight muscles [LW(H)], and another flightless morph with underdeveloped (short) wings and underdeveloped flight muscles (SW). Both flightless morphs [LW(H) and SW] had larger ovaries which contained a greater number of postvitellogenic eggs compared with the flight capable [LW(F)] morph. The juvenile hormone titer was significantly higher in SW compared with LW(F) females on days 3–7 of adulthood. On these days, the JH titer also was significantly higher in the other flightless morph, LW(H), compared with flight-capable [LW(F)] females as determined by one statistical test, but did not differ significantly by another test. The JH titer was positively correlated with ovarian mass or terminal oocyte length, but not with the number of post-vitellogenic eggs. This study is the first direct comparison of juvenile hormone titers in adult wing morphs of a wing-polymorphic insect. Results indicate that an elevated juvenile hormone titer may be at least partly responsible for one of the most distinctive features of wing-polymorphic species, the increased early fecundity of flightless females.