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Elementary principals and conflict management: A critical incident study
The purpose of this study was to identify the types of conflict elementary principals report experiencing and to identify the behaviors of the principals that led to successful or unsuccessful conflict management. ^ Data were gathered using the Critical Incident Technique. 32 elementary principals were asked to discuss two conflict situations in which they had been involved—one with a successful result, and one with an unsuccessful result. The principals then described the behaviors they exhibited during each situation. ^ The results indicated that the conflicts principals encounter fall into 3 categories: Conflict with parents, conflict with students, and conflict with staff. 58 critical incidents were reported. 21 of these incidents were in the category of “conflict with parents”, 20 in “conflict with students”, and 17 in “conflict with staff.” ^ The behaviors principals used when managing a conflict successfully include: gathered/provided information, intentional choices for meeting location, physical/verbal gestures, policy/law reminders, followed-up, positives discussed, set guidelines, met with individuals/group, timing, listening, empowering others, utilized outside resources, and developed a plan. ^ The behaviors principals used when managing a conflict unsuccessfully include: principal's inaccurate assumptions, one-sided decision-making, emotional reaction, did not set guidelines, principal's ineffective use of time, lack-of focus, and unwise communication skills. ^ Further research is needed in the following areas: identifying critical behaviors in the conflict situations principals encounter, the appropriate place of behavioral skill training in preparation programs, and research in the critical elements of listening. ^
Education, Administration|Education, Elementary
Currey Zalman, Carmen Richelle, "Elementary principals and conflict management: A critical incident study" (2001). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3022675.