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Crystal structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of inert gas condensed iron -platinum alloys
Exchange-spring nanocomposite permanent magnets have received a great deal of attention for their potential for improved energy products. Predicted results, however, have been elusive. Optimal properties rely on a uniformly fine nanostructure. Particularly, the scale of the soft magnetic phase must be below approximately 10 nm to ensure complete exchange coupling. Inert gas condensation (IGC) is an ideal processing route to produce sub-10 nm clusters. Two distinct nanostructures have been produced. In the first, Fe clusters were embedded in an FePt matrix by alternating deposition from two sources. Fe cluster content ranged from 0 to 30 volume percent. Post-deposition multi-step heat treatments converted the FePt from the A1 to L10 structure. An energy product of approximately 21 MGOe was achieved. Properties deteriorated rapidly at Fe cluster concentrations above 14 volume percent due to uncoupled soft magnetic regions (from cluster-cluster contacts) and cooperative reversal. The second nanostructure, designed to overcome those disadvantages, involved intra-cluster structuring. Here, Fe-rich Fe-Pt clusters separated by C (or SiO2) were fabricated. Phase separation into Fe3Pt and FePt and ordering was induced during post-deposition multi-step heat treatments. By confining the soft and hard phases to individual clusters, full exchange coupling was accomplished and cooperative reversal between clusters was effectively eliminated. An energy product of more than 25 MGOe was achieved, and the volume fraction of the soft phase was increased to greater than 0.5 while maintaining a coercivity of 6.5 kOe. The results provide new insight into developing high-energy-product nanostructured permanent magnets. ^
Engineering, Materials Science
Rui, Xiangxin, "Crystal structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of inert gas condensed iron -platinum alloys" (2007). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3271927.