Off-campus UNL users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your NU ID and password. When you are done browsing please remember to return to this page and log out.

Non-UNL users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Reliability and Validity of a Culturally Appropriate Food Frequency Questionnaire to Measure Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intakes in Midwestern African American Women of Childbearing Age

Narissa E Scales, University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Abstract

Omega-3 fatty acid intakes may play an important role in maternal health outcomes and infant brain and neural development. Research has shown that pregnant African American women have intakes below recommended levels for optimal health. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a culturally specific food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure total omega-3 fatty acid, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake of Midwestern African American women (n=49) of childbearing age and examine associations of maternal health issues from previous pregnancies. The omega-3 FFQ questionnaire was developed by 24 hour recall interviews, analyzed for content validity and pilot tested. The final culturally appropriate 187 item FFQ was then completed by women three times, via interview by an RD, along with three non-consecutive 24 hour recalls, in a two week period. Maternal health issues were assessed by demographic questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the FFQ was assessed by Cronbach's coefficient alpha and Pearson correlation coefficients, respectively. Mean daily consumption of total omega-3 fatty acid, ALA, EPA, DHA and DPA, as estimated by the three administrations of the FFQ, were 2.68 ± 1.37 g/day, 2.45 ± 1.30 g/day, 0.07 ± 0.07 g/day, 0.12 ± 0.11 g/day and 0.03 ± 0.02 g/day, respectively. The Cronbach's coefficient alpha, for reliability of the FFQ, was 0.89 for total omega-3, 0.89 for ALA, 0.89 for EPA, 0.88 for DHA and 0.83 for DPA. The Pearson correlation coefficients as measured for validity between the FFQ and the recalls, were 0.44, 0.44, 0.59 and 0.60 for total n-3 fatty acid, ALA, EPA and DHA (P<.01), respectively. African American women with past history of low birth weight, preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes and post-partum depression had a significant difference (p<.05) in omega-3 fatty acid intakes when compared to those without prior history. In conclusion, this culturally appropriate FFQ seems to be reliable and valid in measuring omega-3 fatty acid intake in Midwestern African American women. This tool may be used to assess other populations of African American women's intake of omega-3 fatty acids.^

Subject Area

Health Sciences, Nutrition

Recommended Citation

Scales, Narissa E, "Reliability and Validity of a Culturally Appropriate Food Frequency Questionnaire to Measure Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intakes in Midwestern African American Women of Childbearing Age" (2013). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3558756.
http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/dissertations/AAI3558756

Share

COinS