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The Service proposes to determine endangered status for the American burying beetle (Nicrophorus Americanus) and thereby provide the species protection under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. Once widely distributed throughout eastern North America, this species has disappeared from most of its former range. Two known populations currently exist, one in eastern Oklahoma and the other on an island off the coast of New England. Despite extensive efforts to locate additional populations, only two specimens have been found elsewhere in more than 10 years. The cause of the species’ decline is unknown. Critical habitat is not proposed. The Service requests comments on this proposal.