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The health of a wheatcrop is determined well before the crop is planted. It is often the result of subtle factors in the management history of the field, including varieties, seed quality, seedbed, planting date, residue management and post harvest weed control.
Wheat health management practices before the crop is planted must limit, as much as possible, the number of production hazards that must be dealt with after planting. Important diseases influenced by cultural practices include crown and root rot, wheat streak mosaic, soil-borne wheat mosaic, barley yellow dwarf, leaf rust, smut diseases, scab, Cephalosporium stripe and tan spot.