Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Department of


Date of this Version



Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Volume 93, Issue 10 (October 2012) pp. 1547-1566; DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00201.1


Copyright 2012 American Meteorological Society


Change of the NRC report. The U.S. National Research Council (NRC), at the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the U.S. Geological Survey, conducted an Earth Science Decadal Survey review to assist in planning the next generation of Earth science satellite missions [NRC 2007; commonly referred to as the “Decadal Survey” (“DS”)]. The Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission measuring tropospheric trace gases and aerosols and coastal ocean phytoplankton, water quality, and biogeochemistry from geostationary orbit was one of 17 recommended missions. Satellites in geostationary orbit provide continuous observations within their field of view, a revolutionary advance for both atmosphere and ocean science disciplines. The NRC placed GEO-CAPE within the second tier of missions, recommended for launch within the 2013–16 time frame. In addition to providing information for addressing scientific questions, the NRC advised that increasing the societal benefits of Earth science research should be a high priority for federal science agencies and policy makers.