Date of this Version
Presented at Fifth Interdisciplinary Conference on Human Trafficking, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA, October 12-14, 2013
Background Trafficking in the African context is still very complex, multidimensional, multisectoral, illicit industry affecting both individuals and nations across Africa. In addition to being an issue of international and criminal law, trafficking affects human rights, labour, migration, public health, socio-economic development and morality. In recent years, South Africa has undertaken the formulation of Trafficking in Persons legislation.
Despite the evidence that trafficking affects most countries in the world and is a growing illicit industry with devastating impacts, very few African countries have policy related to human trafficking.
In an attempt to contribute towards the creation of human trafficking policy, some countries in Africa have made some sensible progress in terms of the law and constitution which has now covered human trafficking making it less visible but with improved methods enhanced by the assistance from institutions of power.
Recommendations Research, data collection, proper victim classification and information sharing should be promoted and carried out among relevant stakeholders, including intelligence agencies, immigration officers and task teams. Policies should speak to the role of new technologies(including the Internet and social networking sites) and consider the role of technology in preventing and fighting trafficking. Bilateral and multilateral agreements should be pursued with neighboring states. Top-level officials, members of parliament and ministers should be involved in the policy process to insure awareness and buy-in.
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