Interdisciplinary Conference on Human Trafficking at the University of Nebraska

 

Date of this Version

10-2014

Document Type

Presentation

Citation

6th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Human Trafficking, Lincoln, Nebraska, October 9-11, 2014

Comments

Copyright (c) 2014 Donna M Hughes, Rachel Dunham, Faith Skodmin, Lucy Tillman, and Jessica Wainfor.

Abstract

This presentation is an analysis of seven state and federal cases of human trafficking, including forced labor and sex trafficking, in Rhode Island from 2009 until 2013. In 2009, Rhode Island passed a comprehensive human trafficking law. Since then there have been six cases of sex trafficking and one case of forced labor. Sources for information on the human trafficking cases were police reports, witness statements, court documents and media reports. This presentation will briefly summarize the cases and discuss the similarities and difference among the cases and discuss of some key findings from these cases, which include:
1) Victims were trafficked to Rhode Island because of an actual or perceived environment of tolerance of prostitution
2) Mothers of victims were involved in finding their daughters on online prostitution advertising sites sites and making police reports that initiated investigations
3) Victims were identified and reported to police by educated professionals and aware citizens
4) Victims of sex trafficking were often runaway or missing teens
5) Traffickers used online prostitution sites to advertise victims of sex trafficking
6) The credibility of a domestic worker victim of forced labor differed between judges
7) Sex buyers were not arrested in connection to any of the sex trafficking cases

Conclusions:
Recriminalizing prostitution enabled investigation of sex trafficking
Many minor victims of sex trafficking are runaways or missing teens
Family members, mothers in particular, often know more about minor victims being trafficking than previously known
Sex traffickers are criminals with previous records, often for pimping and other violent offenses
Sex traffickers use online prostitution sites to advertise victims
More awareness and investigation of forced labor needed in Rhode Island for all sectors –service providers, law enforcement, and judges
More awareness about the importance of focusing on “the demand” –men who buy sex