Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for




Date of this Version

January 1994


The term blackbird loosely refers to a diverse group of about 10 species of North American birds that belong to the subfamily Icterinae. Identification, range, habitat, food habits, general biology, and damage to crops of Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus), Common Grackles (Quiscalus quiscula), Great-tailed Grackles (Quiscalus mexicanus), Brown-headed Cowbirds (Molothrus ater), Yellow-headed Blackbirds (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus), Brewer’s Blackbirds (Euphagus cyanocephalus), and Rusty Blackbirds (Euphagus carolinus).