Natural Resources, School of


Date of this Version

February 2003


Citation: Chaves SM, Reinhard KJ (2003) Paleopharmacology and Pollen: Theory, Method, and Application. Memorias do Instituto do Oswaldo Cruz 98: 207-211.


Parasitism was a universal human condition. Because of this, people developed herbal medicines to treat parasites as part of their pharmacopoeias. We propose that it is possible to recover evidence of medicinal plants from archaeological sites and link their use to specific health conditions. This is a multidisciplinary approach that must involve at least paleoethnobotanists, archaeoparasitologists, paleopathologists, and pharmacologists.