Date of this Version
A cluster-beam technique is used to produce nearly monodispersed nanoclusters of Co while independently varying their size and concentration. The Co clusters are embedded in Cu and SiO2 to form films with cluster size varying from 300 to 9000 atoms and Co concentration varying from 10 to 50 vol %. The Co magnetization (Ms) increases with increasing cluster size and decreases with increasing Co concentration for a given cluster size but is always less than the bulk value. First-principles calculations are used to analyze the experimental data in terms of the local environment effects at the cluster-matrix interface and spin-glass-like behavior due to the strong ferro- and antiferromagnetic intercluster exchange interactions for small separations.