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Production of all classes of wheat grown in the United States totaled 2.5 billion bushels in 1997. Common wheat, Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum, is the primary source of all wheat varieties grown in the United States, with over 200 varieties known and over 100 varieties cultivated. These 100 varieties constitute over 95% of all wheat cultivated in the United States. Five general wheat classes are predominant in the United States: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, white, and durum.