US Department of Energy


Date of this Version



AIP Conf. Proc. 705, pp. 973-976; doi: 10.1063/1.1757959


The choice of x-ray detectors presents a challenge for scanning transmission x-ray microscopes (STXM). The ultimate detector for the ALS STXMs should have a very high efficiency over a wide energy range, single photon counting capabilities up to 1GHz, high rejection of red laser light, fast response, and work in both vacuum and at atmospheric pressure. The results of an investigation using a photomultiplier tube (PMT) with a number of different scintillators are presented. The PMT is used in photon counting and analog modes. Scintillators used for this study include commercially available phosphor powders and various single crystals.