Agricultural Economics Department


Date of this Version


Document Type



Cornhusker Economics September 14, 2016


Copyright 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


Electric cooperatives serve an estimated 42 million people in the United States by providing power to 18.5 million businesses, homes, schools, churches, farms, irrigation systems, and other customers. They deliver 11 percent of the electric power sold in this country, operating in 47 states and 80 percent of all counties. Electric cooperatives serve their members through the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity. Power supply cooperatives (also called generation and transmission or G&T cooperatives) are engaged in the generation or purchase of electricity and the transmission of wholesale electricity to distribution cooperatives, which carry electricity to retail customers. There are 840 distribution cooperatives and 65 power supply cooperatives in the United States, and they own combined assets of $140 billion.