Agricultural Leadership, Education, and Communication, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version



Hastings, L. J., Barrett, L. A., Barbuto, J., & Bell, L. C. (2011). Developing a Paradigm Model of Youth Leadership Development and Community Engagement: A Grounded Theory. Journal of Agricultural Education, 52(1), 19–29.


This grounded theory study explored the impact of community engagement on how youth leaders develop. A paradigm model illustrating this developmental process is presented, which includes the conditions that empowered the youth to engage in their community, the strategies used by the youth and the adults in their work together, the conditions that helped/hindered those strategies, and the resulting outcomes. Results of the analysis indicated that individual connections, common sentiments, and being asked to engage were identified as the most salient causal conditions. The action taken by the youth and adult respondents mobilized those individual connections and common sentiments into social capital, which was then converted into individual and community outcomes.