American Judges Association


Court Review: Journal of the American Judges Association

Date of this Version

July 2004


Published in Court Review: The Journal of the American Judges Association, 41:2 (2004), pp. 26-31. Copyright © 2004 National Center for State Courts. Used by permission. Online at


Preliminary results from a recent survey of the municipal courts in Missouri show significant structural and attitudinal barriers to judicial independence. The results are preliminary in light of the deadline for this issue: only a relatively short time was available to analyze the responses before submitting this article. Even the early returns suggest real problems, however.

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