Animal Science Department


Date of this Version

July 1988


Published in J Dairy Sci 71:3425-3436.


Prediction equations were determined to estimate daily milk yield from 306 to 395 d in milk for forecasting herd milk sales from Holstein cows in lactation > 305 d. Data were test day milk weights for 65,322 primiparous and 119,220 pluriparous lactations of > 305 d from the Southern US. A forecast model was developed using same lactation 305 d milk yield (in classes of 500 kg increments) that gave similar predicted daily yields as models utilizing last sample milk weight information. This model has the advantage of early forecasting of later milk using projected 305-d yields. Reduced forecast models ignoring days pregnant, yield class, or both accounted for 95, 68, and 59%, and 91, 67, and 56% as much variation in daily milk as the full model for the primiparous and pluriparous cows. Percentage of 305-d milk yielded in mo 11, 12, and 13, depending on 305-d yield class, ranged from 7.1 to 7.0%, 6.2 to 6.0%, and 5.4 to 5.0%, and 5.4 to 5.0%, 4.3 to 3.9%, and 3.3 to 3.0% for first parity and pluriparous cows calving in winter and 125 d open. Cows not calving in winter or with more than 125 d open yielded more milk in extended lactation. These percentages are larger than generally assumed in studies of days open, thus indicating that cost of days open may have been overestimated.