The Nebraska Beef Reports contain a summary of research conducted by scientists and graduate students in the Animal Science Department. The target audience for these reports are livestock producers, extension educators, and people in agri-business. The articles are written in a format and style with our Nebraska clientele in mind that is easy to read and understand.

2021

2021 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report

Statistics Used in the Nebraska Beef Cattle Report and Their Purpose

Using Pooling to Capture Commercial Data for Inclusion in Genetic Evaluations, Johnna L. Baller, Stephen D. Kachman, Larry A. Kuehn, and Matthew L. Spangler

Metabolomic Pro! le Associated with Pre- Breeding Puberty Status in Range Beef Heifers, Joslyn K. Beard, Waseem Abbas, J. A. Musgrave, R. Funston, Samodha C. Fernando, and Travis Mulliniks

Proteomic Analysis of Oxidized Proteins in Beef, Nicolas A. Bland, Nicolas J. Herrera, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Morgan L. Henriott, Kellen B. Hart, and Chris Calkins

E! ects of Monensin and Protein Type on Performance of Yearling Steers Grazing Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, Z E. Carlson, K Butterfield, Levi McPhillips, Galen E. Erickson, M. E. Drewnoski, and J. C. MacDonald

Evaluation of Wheat Blended with Corn in Finishing Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains, C A. Coulson, B M. Boyd, B B. Conroy, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of Processing Technique for High- Moisture and Dry Corn Fed to Finishing Cattle, C A. Coulson, B M. Boyd, Braden C. Troyer, Levi McPhillips, Mitch M. Norman, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of Condensed Algal Residue Solubles as an Ingredient in Cattle Finishing Diets, John C. Gibbons, Bradley M. Boyd, Levi McPhillips, Andrea K. Watson, and Galen E. Erickson

The Relationship of Liver Abscess Scores and Early Postmortem Meat Tenderness, Nicolas J. Herrera, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Nicolas A. Bland, Morgan L. Henriott, Kellen B. Hart, and Chris Calkins

The Impact of Oxidative Stress on Postmortem Meat Quality, Nicolas J. Herrera, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Nicolas A. Bland, Morgan L. Henriott, Kellen B. Hart, Jessica Lynn Petersen, and Chris Calkins

Predicting Nitrogen and Phosphorous Flows in Beef Open Lots, Megan N. Homolka, Galen E. Erickson, and Richard K. Koelsch

Impact of Feeding Aspergillus Subspecies Blend and Di! erent Corn Processing Methods on Finishing Beef Cattle Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Stacia M. Hopfauf, Bradley M. Boyd, Levi McPhillips, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Fate of Generic Escherichia coli in Beef Steaks during Sous Vide Cooking at Different Holding Time and Temperature Combinations, Heather B. Hunt, Samuel C. Watson, Byron D. Chaves, and Gary Sullivan

Mineral Concentrations of Forages for Livestock in Nebraska and South Dakota, Rebecca J. Kern, John W. Kern, Hannah M.G. Dorn, Carrie E. Putnam, Janna J. Block, Adele A. Harty, and M. E. Drewnoski

Milk Production Impacts on Cow Reproductive and Calf Growth Performance, Tasha M. King, J. A. Musgrave, R. Funston, and Travis Mulliniks

Perceptions of Barriers and Benefits of Manure Use in Cropping Systems, Richard Koelsch, Daniel Andersen, Erin Cortus, Leslie Johnson, Amy Schmidt, Siok A. Siek, and Melissa Wilson

Using Coal Char from Sugar Production in Cattle Manure Management, Bijesh Maharjan and K. H. Jenkins PAS

Transforming Manure and Cedar Mulch from “Waste” to “Worth”, Karla Melgar, Agustin Olivo, Richard Koelsch, Larry Howard, Gary Lesoing, Aaron Nygren, Randy Saner, Amy D. Timmerman, Troy Walz, Todd Whitney, and Amy Schmidt

Winter Growth Rate and Timing of Marketing on Economics of Yearling Systems, Michael Merical, M. E. Drewnoski, and Jay Parsons

Training Improves the Reliability of Temperament Assessment in Cattle, Jamie T. Parham, Jessica J. Schmidt, and Ronald M. Lewis

Categorization of Birth Weight Phenotypes for Inclusion in Genetic Evaluations Using a Deep Neural Network, Andre Ribeiro, Bruce Golden, and Matthew L. Spangler

Impact of Days Fed on Holstein Bull and Steer Performance and Cutability of Cattle Pen- Fed Organic Diets, Elizabeth A. Schumacher, Braden C. Troyer, Bradley M. Boyd, Levi McPhillips, J. C. MacDonald, Andrea K. Watson, Terry Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Accelerated Dry Aging under Anaerobic Conditions, Joseph A. Sonderman, Soon K. Lau, Felipe A. Ribeiro, David M. Velasco, Nicolas A. Bland, Nicolas J. Herrera, Morgan L. Henriott, Jeyamkondan Subbiah, and Chris Calkins

Alternative Heifer Development Systems Utilizing Corn Residue and Cover Crops, Hannah F. Speer, Hannah E. Riley, R. A. Cushman, Harvey C. Freetly, and M. E. Drewnoski

Evaluation of Biochar on Nutrient Loss from Fresh Cattle Manure, Jessica L. Sperber, Tyler Spore, Galen E. Erickson, and Andrea K. Watson

Impact of Biochar Supplementation in Growing Diets on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Jessica L. Sperber, Braden C. Troyer, Levi McPhillips, Andrea K. Watson, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluating Finishing Performance of Cattle Fed High- Moisture Corn and Steam- Flaked Corn Blends with Modified Distillers Grains, Braden C. Troyer, Zac C. Carlson, Levi McPhillips, Andrea K. Watson, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Genetic Parameter Estimates for Age at Slaughter and Days to Finish in a Multibreed Population, Lindsay R. Upperman, Larry A. Kuehn, and Matthew L. Spangler

Pseudomonas Survive Thermal Processing and Grow during Vacuum Packaged Storage in an Emulsified Beef System, Samuel C. Watson, Rebecca A. Furbeck, Byron D. Chaves, and Gary A. Sullivan

Economic Analysis of Increased Corn Silage Inclusion in Beef Finishing Cattle, Hannah C. Wilson, J. C. MacDonald, Andrea K. Watson, Terry Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Increasing Corn Silage Inclusion in Finishing Diets with or without Tylosin on Performance and Liver Abscesses, Hannah C. Wilson, Levi McPhillips, Bradely M. Boyd, Andrea K. Watson, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of Models Used to Predict Dry Matter Intake in Forage- Based Diets, Aksel Wiseman, Andrea K. Watson, Rick Stock, and Terry Klopfenstein

Growing Calf Intake of Hay or Crop Residue Based Diets, Aksel Wiseman, Andrea K. Watson, Rick Stock, and Terry Klopfenstein

Impact of Masters Choice Corn Silage on Nutrient Digestion in Growing Cattle, Jiehua Xiong, Mitch M. Norman, Hannah C. Wilson, Caleb Crabtree, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Masters Choice Corn Silage on Nutrient Digestion in Growing Cattle, Jiehua Xiong, Mitch M. Norman, Hannah C. Wilson, Caleb Crabtree, and Galen E. Erickson

Dietary Impact on Antibiotic Resistance in Feedlot Manure, MARANATHA ZELT, Amy Schmidt, Noelle Mware, Xu Li, and Galen E. Erickson

Antibiotic Resistance in Manure- Amended Agricultural Soils, MARANATHA ZELT, Zachary Staley, Xu Li, Bing Wang, Daniel N. Miller, and Amy Schmidt

2020

Statistics Used in the Nebraska Beef Cattle Report and Their Purpose

Table of Contents 2020 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report

Effect of Age of Dam on Heifer Progeny Performance, Joslyn K. Beard, J. A. Musgrave, Kathy Hanford, Rick N. Funston, and J. Travis Mulliniks

Impact of Diet and Quality Grade on Shelf Life of Beef Steaks, Nicolas A. Bland, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Nicolas J. Herrera, Morgan L. Henriott, Kellen B. Hart, and Chris Calkins

Effect of Urea and Distillers Inclusion in Dry- Rolled Corn Based Diets on Heifer Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Bradley M. Boyd, Kristin E. Hales, Andrew P. Foote, and Galen E. Erickson

Dose Titration of Wet Distillers Grains plus Solubles Replacing Syngenta Enogen Feed Corn and Interaction between Corn Type and Distillers Inclusion, McKenna M. Brinton, Bradley M. Boyd, Brianna B. Conroy, Hannah C. Wilson, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluating Syngenta Enogen Feed Corn Silage or Grain on Growing Beef Cattle Performance, McKenna M. Brinton, Bradley M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher, Levi J. McPhillips, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Feeding Syngenta Enhanced Feed Corn as Dry- Rolled Corn, High- Moisture Corn, or a Blend to Finishing Yearlings, McKenna M. Brinton, Bradley M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher, Levi J. McPhillips, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Forage Production and Calf Gains When Grazing Oats following Corn Harvest, McKenna M. Brinton, Benjamin H. Hansen, Kristen M. Ulmer, Zachary E. Carlson, F. Henry Hilscher, Mary E. Drewnoski, Jim C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Combined Analysis on the Effects of Late Gestation Supplementation in a Spring Calving Beef Herd, Devin L. Broadhead, Kathy Hanford, Matthew C. Stockton, Jacki A. Musgrave, and R. A. Funston

Eff ect of Revalor- XH, Revalor- 200, and Combination Revalor- IH/Revalor- 200 on Yearling Heifer Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Zachary E. Carlson, Galen E. Erickson, Caitlin A. Coulson, D. J. Jordon, Robert J. Cooper, Tony L. Scott, Sheri J. Bundy, and Brandon L. Nuttelman

Evaluation of Two Implant Strategies, Revalor- XH or a Combination Revalor- IH/Revalor- 200 on Heifer Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Zachary E. Carlson, Galen E. Erickson, Bill D. Dicke, and Marshall N. Streeter

Comparing SHREDLAGE® and Conventional Silage as a Roughage Component in Steam- Flaked Corn Diets for Finishing Cattle, Brianna Conroy, Matt Jaynes, Robbi Pritchard, and Karla H. Jenkins

Comparing March and May Calving Systems in the Nebraska Sandhills, McKay R. Erickson, Devin L. Broadhead, J. A. Musgrave, and Rick N. Funston

Effect of GnRH Injection at - 72 h in MGA- PGEstrus Synchronization Protocol, McKay R. Erickson, Dan Kelly, Doug O’Hare, T.L. Meyer, and R. Funston

Efficacy of a Second Injection of Prostaglandin F2α in Yearling Beef Heifers Following Previous Estrus Synchronization, McKay R. Erickson, Kenneth C. Ramsay, and R. Funston

Evaluation of Commercial Genomic Tests for Maternal Traits in Crossbred Beef Cattle, McKay R. Erickson, J.R. Tait, and R. A. Funston

Impact of Feeding NaturSafe® (An Immune Support Product) on Beef Quality, Morgan L. Henriott, Kellen B. Hart, Nicolas J. Herrera, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Nicolas A. Bland, Bucky L. Gwartney, and Chris Calkins

Impact of Myoglobin Oxygenation State on Color Stability of Frozen Beef Steaks, Morgan L. Henriott, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Nicolas J. Herrera, Kellen B. Hart, Nicolas A. Bland, and Chris Calkins

Chopped Sugar Beets for Growing and Finishing Cattle, K. H. Jenkins and Brianna Conroy

Effect of Supplemental Protein and Glucogenic Precursors on Digestibility and Energy Metabolism, Tasha M. King, Joslyn K. Beard, Mitch M. Norman, Hannah C. Wilson, Jim C. MacDonald, and J. Travis Mulliniks

Economics of Yearling Systems, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Mary E. Drewnoski, James C. MacDonald, Andrea K. Watson, and Jay Parsons

Evaluation of Level of Milk Potential on Nutrient Balance in 2- and 4- Year- Old May- Calving Range Cows Grazing Sandhills Upland Range, J. Travis Mulliniks and Don C. Adams

Evaluation of Green Grass as a Feed Ingredient in Beef Finishing Rations and Impact on Cattle Performance, Carcass Characteristics, and Fatty Acid Profiles in Meat, Mitchell M. Norman, Nicolas A. Bland, Bradley B. Boyd, Briana B. Conroy, Andrea K. Watson, Galen E. Erickson, and Chris Calkins

Nutrient Digestibility of Condensed Algal Residue Solubles in Beef Cattle Fishing Diets, Mitchell M. Norman, Hannah C. Wilson, Andrea K. Watson, Galen E. Erickson, and Jonathan W. Wilson

Effect of Conventional or High Protein Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles in Either Dry- Rolled or Steam- Flaked Corn Based Diets on Finishing Performance of Steers, Lauren A. Ovinge, L.J. McPhilips, B.M. Boyd, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Conventional or High Protein Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles in Either Dry- Rolled or Steam- Flaked Corn Based Diets on Amount and Site of Nutrient Digestion, Lauren A. Ovinge, Mitch M. Norman, Hannah C. Wilson, Kaylee E. Wheeler, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Relative Humidity on Meat Quality in Dry Aged Beef, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Soon K. Lau, Morgan L. Henriott, Nicolas J. Herrera, Nicolas A. Bland, Jeyamkondan Subbiah, and Chris Calkins

Evaluation of Rumen Undegradable Protein Sources Fed in an Organic Production System, Elizabeth A. Schumacher, Galen E. Erickson, F. Henry Hilscher, Levi J. McPhillips, Zac E. Carlson, Mary E. Drewnoski, Jim C. MacDonald, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Comparison of Rumen Undegradable Protein Content of Conventional and Organic Feeds, Elizabeth A. Schumacher, Galen E. Erickson, Hannah C. Wilson, J. C. MacDonald, Andrea K. Watson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Evaluation of the Water Footprint of Beef Cattle Production in Nebraska, Tyler J. Spore, Mesfin Mekonnen, Christopher M.U. Neale, Andrea K. Watson, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of Ankom F58 Filter Bags Compared to Dacron Bags and Beakers for Analysis of Acid Detergent Fiber, Braden C. Troyer, Hannah C. Wilson, and James C. MacDonald

Impact of Essential Oils Blend on Beef Cattle Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Diets with Increasing Corn Silage Inclusions, Hannah C. Wilson, Bradley M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher, Zachary E. Carlson, Andrea K. Watson, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Shade in Beef Feed Yards on Performance, Body Temperature, and Heat Stress, Tommy M. Winders, Bradley M. Boyd, Casey Macken, Andrea K. Watson, J. C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of FluidQuip Fiber Stream Dried Distillers Grains plus Solubles on Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Finishing Diets, Aksel R. Wiseman, Bradley M. Boyd, Levi J. McPhillips, Galen E. Erickson, Andrea K. Watson, and Scott L. Tilton

Evaluation of Rup Content of Nexpro Dried Distillers Grains plus Solubles and Their Effect on Growing Calf Performance in Corn Silage Based Diets, Aksel R. Wiseman, Zachary E. Carlson, Levi J. McPhillips, Galen E. Erickson, Andrea K. Watson, and Scott L. Tilton

Evaluation of Masters Choice Corn Silage on Growing Steer Performance, Jiehua Xiong, Bradley M. Boyd, Levi McPhillips, Kyle Vosburgh, and Galen E. Erickson

Growth and Performance of Terminal Sired Calves Grazing Range or Meadow Pasture, Robert L. Ziegler, Tonya L. Meyer, Jacki A. Musgrave, J. C. MacDonald, J. Travis Mulliniks, and Rick N. Funston

2019

The Effect of Cow Udder Score on Subsequent Calf Performance in the Nebraska Sandhills, Joslyn K. Beard, Jacki A. Musgrave, Rick N. Funston Funston, and J. Travis Mulliniks

Impact of Cow Size on Cow-Calf and Subsequent Steer Feedlot Performance, Molly Benell, Jacki A. Musgrave, Rick N. Funston Funston, and J. Travis Mulliniks

Effect of Adding Urea to Finishing Diets Containing Two Different Inclusions of Distillers Grains on Steer Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Bradley M. Boyd, James C. MacDonald, Matthew K. Luebbe, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Urea and Distillers Inclusion in Finishing Diets on Steer Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Bradley M. Boyd, James C. MacDonald, Matthew K. Luebbe, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Grazing Spring Rye on Subsequent Crop Yields and Profitability, Ashley C. Conway, Robert G. Bondurant, Fred H. Hilscher Hilscher, Jay Parsons, Daren Redfearn, and Mary E. Drewnoski

Confined Cow-Calf Production System and Post-Weaning Management Impact on Calf Production, Shelby E. Gardine, Brad M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Karla H. Jenkins, Andrea K. Watson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Evaluation of Corn Bran Plus Solubles on Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Finishing Diets, Shelby A. Garland, Bradley M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Jim C. MacDonald, and Ryan A. Mass

Evaluation of Fractionated Distillers Grains (High Protein and Bran Plus Solubles) on Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Finishing Diets, Shelby A. Garland, Bradley M. Boyd, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Jim C. MacDonald, and Ryan A. Mass

Evaluation of the Energy Value and Nutrient Digestibility of Distillers Grains That Have Undergone a Fiber Separation Process in Finishing Diets, Shelby A. Garland, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, Hannah C. Hamilton Hamilton, Galen E. Erickson, James C. MacDonald, and Ryan A. Mass

Impact of Corn Silage Inclusion on Finishing Cattle Performance, Hannah C. Hamilton, F. Henry Hilscher, Zachary E. Carlson Carlson, Brad M. Boyd, Andrea K. Watson, Jim C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Corn Silage Inclusion on Nutrient Digestion and Rumen Fermentation in Finishing Cattle, Hannah C. Hamilton, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, Andrea K. Watson Watson, Jim C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Quality Effects on Beef from Cattle Fed High-Protein Corn Distillers Grains and Other Ethanol By-Products, Kellen B. Hart, Felipe A. Ribeiro, Morgan L. Henriott, Nicolas J. Herrera, and Chris R. Calkins

Three Year Summary: Comparison of Diets Collected from Esophageally Fistulated Cows to Forage Quality Estimated from Fecal Analysis, Bethany M. Johnston, Jay D. Jenkins, Jacki A. Musgrave Musgrave, J. Travis Mulliniks, Mitchell B. Stephenson, James C. MacDonald, and L. Aaron Stalker

Effects of Isolated Nutrients in Distillers Grains on Total Tract Digestibility and Digestible Energy in Forage Diets, Tasha M. King, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, Hannah C. Hamilton Hamilton, Galen E. Erickson, and Jim C. MacDonald

Prediction of Energy Value (TDN) in Grazed and Hayed Forages, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Mary E. Drewnoski, and Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins

Economic Analysis of Beef Systems, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Shebly E. Loeffelholz, Karla H. Jenkins PAS, Andrea K. Watson, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Maternal Late Gestation Nutrition on May-Born Heifer Progeny, Alicia C. Lansford, Jacki A. Musgrave, and Rick N. Funston Funston

Effects of Backgrounding and Feedlot System Strategies on May-Born Steer Performance, Alicia C. Lansford, Jacki A. Musgrave, T. L. Meyer, and Rick N. Funston

Effects of Maternal Late Gestation Nutrition on May-Born Steer Progeny, Alicia C. Lansford, Jacki A. Musgrave, T. L. Meyer, and Rick N. Funston

Effects of Prepartum Nutrition on May-Calving Cows and Progeny, Alicia C. Lansford, Jacki A. Musgrave, T. L. Meyer Meyer, and Rick N. Funston

Nitrate Concentrations of Annual Forages Grown for Grazing in Nebraska, Mary E. Lenz, Rebecca J. Kern, Carrie E. Orvis Orvis, and Mary E. Drewnoski

Impact of Shade in Beef Feedyards on Performance, Body Temperature, and Heat Stress Measures, Brett A. Melton, Bradley M. Boyd, Casey Macken Macken, Andrea K. Watson, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Pooled Analysis of Individually Fed Finishing Trials, Brett A. Melton, James C. MacDonald, Andrea K. Watson Watson, and Galen E. Erickson

Evaluation of Lactation Demands on Nutrient Balance in Two Calving Seasons in Range Cows Grazing Sandhills Upland Range, Travis Mulliniks and Don C. Adams