Date of this Version
Cyrtonyx montezumae (Vigors) 1830
Other vernacular names: Black quail, Codorniz Encinera, Codorniz Pinta, crazy quail, fool quail, massena quail, Mearns quail, Montezuma quail, painted quail, squat quail
Range: Southwestern United States south to Oaxaca, Mexico. The doubtfully distinct species C. ocellatus (Gould) extends from southern Oaxaca to Nicaragua.