Business, College of


Date of this Version

March 1993


Published in Journal of Economic Issues Vol. XXVII, No. 1, March 1993. Copyright © 1993 Journal of Economic Issues. Used by permission.


The purpose of this paper is, first, to review definitions of time; second, to discuss particular dimensions of time; and third, to relate those dimensions to graphical clocks. The value of such clocks for network analysis will be discussed.' The clocks for the integration of system networks will be computerized matrices and concomitant digraphs (graphical clocks). Such networks can be used to provide a standardized system clock to determine timeliness. This places events into a common system, which is timed by sequenced events. The coordination of broadly recurring sets of meaningful events characterizes synchronicity. Thus, timeliness is defined by system synchronicity.

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