Department of Educational Administration


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Published in: SCHOOL EMPOWERMENT, ed. Michael D. Richardson, Kenneth E. Lane, & Jackson L. Flanigan. Lancaster, PA & Basel, 1995.


Copyright © 1995 by Technomic Publishing Company, Inc.


This chapter focuses on superintendents' and school board members' perceptions of empowerment. The literature is rife with descriptions of empowerment from the perspectives of principals and teachers. Little has been written about empowerment from the perspectives of superintendents and school board members. This chapter is based on interviews conducted with school board members and superintendents from four midwestern states, as well as available literature. The school board members and superintendents who were interviewed represent districts that have had experience with empowering their staff members. Using this information, the sections include administrators' roles, school board members' roles, impact on administrative roles, definitions of empowerment, and recommendations.