Civil and Environmental Engineering


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Park, K.; Golestani, B.; Nam, B.H.; Hou, J.; Eun, J. Study on the Combined Effect of Municipal SolidWaste Incineration Bottom Ash andWaste Shingle in Hot Mix Asphalt. Materials 2024, 17, 46. ma17010046


Open access.


This study investigated the positive effect of the combined use of recycled asphalt shingles (RASs) and municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash (B.A.) in asphalt concrete, which contributes to enhanced sustainability in pavement engineering. In addition, unlike traditional approaches that employ individual recycling material in hot mix asphalt (HMA), the combined use of the two waste materials maximizes the mechanical performance of the asphalt mixture. The addition of RAS (with 30–40% aged binder) as an additive generally enhances the strength/stiffness of the asphalt mixture. The high porosity/absorption of MSWI BA results in an additional amount of liquid asphalt binder in the mixture. As an admixture, RAS could supply the additional asphalt binder in the mixture when MSWI BA is used as an aggregate replacement. This research was conducted in two phases: (1) to examine the effect of MSWI BA alone and its optimal asphalt content (OAC), and (2) to assess the combined effect of B.A. and RAS in HMA. Multiple laboratory testing methods were employed for the mechanical performance investigation, including the Marshall stability test, rutting test, and indirect tensile test. The testing results show that the 20% B.A. replacement exhibits the best performance and that it requires an additional asphalt binder of 1.1%. For the combined use of MSWI BA and RAS, 5% RAS shows the best mechanical performance. All mixtures that contain the B.A. and RAS show greater strength than the control specimen (regular HMA).