Electrical & Computer Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC-2007 Fall. 2007 IEEE 66th Sept. 30 2007-Oct. 3 2007 Pages 754-757; Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/VETECF.2007.167 ©2007 IEEE. Used by permission.


This letter proposes a simple but highly efficient technique to jointly utilize space, time, and polarization diversities. The technique is based on extending orthogonal space-time block codes into the quaternion domain and utilizing a description of the dual-polarized signal by means of quaternions, which are a generalization of complex numbers. In the given example, the achievable performance gain for two transmit and one receive antennas is approximately 6 dB at a bit error rate of 10-4 when compared with the Alamouti code.