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Integrated Metacognition in Dimensional Schizotypy

Jesse Hochheiser, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


Recent trends in psychopathology research have lent support to the formulation that mental disorders, including psychosis, exist on a continuum. Reflecting this shift away from a strict taxonic model of mental illness, researchers are focusing more attention on dimensional models of psychopathology. Schizotypy, historically viewed as categorical, is increasingly regarded as a dimensional continuum, providing a means to gain greater understanding of the core mechanisms and deficits associated with psychosis. In a parallel development, an accumulating body of research shows that a range of integrated metacognitive functions are compromised in schizophrenia and present novel targets for psychological treatment. Given the need for new and more effective treatments, examining metacognitive deficits and their relationship to schizotypy could further support metacognition as an important target for treatment in its own right. In this research study, I aimed to examine the relationship between a dimensional-continuum model of schizotypy and a measure of integrated metacognition. Ninety-six participants were included in the study and completed a measure of dimensional schizotypy, an interview assessing metacognitive functioning, and a battery of self-report measures and a test of cognitive functioning. The relationships between metacognition and schizotypy were largely inconsistent with hypothesized results. The current findings contribute to the growing research on complex metacognition and schizotypy and identifies nuanced challenges to assessment in non-clinical populations and raises new questions for future research.

Subject Area

Clinical psychology|Personality psychology|Neurosciences

Recommended Citation

Hochheiser, Jesse, "Integrated Metacognition in Dimensional Schizotypy" (2019). ETD collection for University of Nebraska-Lincoln. AAI13895594.