Off-campus UNL users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your NU ID and password. When you are done browsing please remember to return to this page and log out.

Non-UNL users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Make War to Make Peace: Themes of War in Trombone Solo Literature

Ian Rutherford, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


The trombone has a relatively small amount of solo literature, especially for how long it has existed. Many professors only teach and perform an even smaller number of those pieces. Some works are compelling and captivating but rarely performed. The purpose of this document is to explore two lesser-known works that have an exciting connection; they are both works about war. I Was Like Wow for Tenor Trombone and Boombox by Jacob Ter Veldhuis (JacobTV) and Encounters IV for Tenor Trombone and Multi-Percussion by William Kraft are two original works for trombone that explore themes of war. The pieces were written thirty years apart and handle the concepts of war in different and fascinating ways. Both of these works are composed for unusual instrumentation and address specific challenges on the trombone. This document is intended to give historical context and background to both pieces and their composers, break down technical concerns, extended techniques, and stylistic issues, discuss pedagogical considerations, and explain why these pieces should be performed. I will use examples from the music and composer explanations in the document. Also, interviews with the composers will support these ideas. These pieces are as relevant as ever, and I hope this research will make them more accessible to trombonists.

Subject Area

Music|Performing Arts|Pedagogy|Musical performances

Recommended Citation

Rutherford, Ian, "Make War to Make Peace: Themes of War in Trombone Solo Literature" (2023). ETD collection for University of Nebraska-Lincoln. AAI30488442.