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The role of Triple-A in green supply chain management practices and organizational performance

Dong Hyun Lee, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


The purpose of this research is to address the emerging practice of green supply chain management (GSCM) and examine previously unexplored relationships between Triple-A capabilities of the supply chain (i.e., agility, adaptability, and alignment), level of implementation of GSCM practices, and organizational performance. A three-dimensional, higher-order structure of GSCM practices is first introduced. Then, the proposed research model presents agility, adaptability, and alignment as antecedents of GSCM implementation, and uses environmental, operational, and economic performance as outcome measures of GSCM practices. The model was tested using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) based on survey data collected from 239 manufacturing firms in Korea. The results showed that an agile, adaptable, and aligned supply chain is more likely to show a higher level of GSCM adoption. In addition, the study found GSCM practices can improve the firm's performance environmentally, operationally, and economically. Although the direct effect of environmental performance on economic performance was not supported, the results showed that operational performance fully mediate the relationship between environmental performance and economic performance and partially mediate the relationship between GSCM practices and economic performance.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Lee, Dong Hyun, "The role of Triple-A in green supply chain management practices and organizational performance" (2013). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3558860.