E-JASL: The Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship


Date of this Version

Spring 2006

Document Type



Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship (Spring 2006) 7(1). Also available at http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v07n01/martin_m01.htm.


Copyright 2006, the author. Used by permission.



Culture permeates all aspects of any society. It acts as the basic fabric that binds people together. Culture dictates tastes in music, clothes, and even the political and philosophical views of a group of people. Culture is not only shared, but it is deep and stable. However, culture does not exist simply as a societal phenomenon. Organizations, both large and small, adhere to a culture. Organizational culture determines how an organization operates and how its members frame events both inside and outside the organization. This paper explores the basic concepts of organizational culture. It describes what organizational culture is, its importance, how it is formed, and the various types of organizational cultures that exist.