Date of this Version
Qiao et al. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:136 http://jwcn.eurasipjournals.com/content/2012/1/136
In this article, transmission over multiaccess fading channels under quality-of-service (QoS) constraints is studied in the low-power and wideband regimes. QoS constraints are imposed as limitations on the buffer violation probability. The effective capacity, which characterizes the maximum constant arrival rates in the presence of such statistical QoS constraints, is employed as the performance metric. A two-user multiaccess channel model is considered, and the minimum bit energy levels and wideband slope regions are characterized for different transmission and reception strategies, namely time-division multiple-access (TDMA), superposition coding with fixed decoding order, and superposition coding with variable decoding order. It is shown that the minimum received bit energies achieved by these different strategies are the same and independent of the QoS constraints in the lowpower regime, while they vary with the QoS constraints in the wideband regime. When wideband slope regions are considered, the suboptimality of TDMA with respect to superposition coding is proven in the low-power regime. On the other hand, it is shown that TDMA in the wideband regime can interestingly outperform superposition coding with fixed decoding order. The impact of varying the decoding order at the receiver under certain assumptions is also investigated. Overall, energy efficiency of different transmission strategies under QoS constraints are analyzed and quantified.