Agricultural Research Division of IANR


Date of this Version


Document Type



Published in Journal of Economic Entomology, 115:3 (2022), pp. 767–772.



Copyright © 2022 the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. Used by permission.


Soybean gall midge, Resseliella maxima Gagné (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), is a newly identified pest confirmed on soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr. (Fabales: Fabaceae). To date, soybean gall midge has been found in Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Missouri, and has caused severe economic loss to commercial fields since 2018. Much is still unknown about this pest, so research efforts have been focused on biology and management. Larvae feed on the inside of the stem just above the soil line and are difficult to access and time-consuming to sample. In order to accelerate nondestructive sampling efforts, we developed an injury rating system to quantify the severity of plant injury from soybean gall midge larvae. Research plots from 2019 and 2020 in Iowa and Nebraska were evaluated for injury throughout the growing season and yield was measured. Our objective was to describe the relationship between injury severity and yield loss caused from soybean gall midge. A nonlinear regression model was developed to validate our injury rating system and to express the relationship between season long injury severity and yield loss. Results from our analysis indicate the injury rating system we developed correlates well with yield loss caused by larvae and may be an important tool for understanding the economic impact of this emergent pest of soybeans.