Date of this Version
Maegli, A. C. 2013. Population occurrence and pathogen prevalence of lone star (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks collected from southeast Nebraska. M.S. thesis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), has recently become established in Nebraska; therefore, local biology, ecology, and tick-borne disease risk are not known. Research was conducted to determine monthly questing activity, establishment, and pathogenic microorganisms associated with the lone star tick in Nebraska.
Lone star tick populations were collected from May through August, 2012 in six sites in southeast Nebraska using carbon dioxide (CO2) traps. A total of 747 adults, 3,076 nymphs, and 1,289 larvae were collected. Total ticks collected and monthly activity were significantly different for each site.
A semi-randomized sample of 251 adult ticks were selected for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia chaffeensis, and E. ewingii. Adult ticks were 51.8% (130/251) positive for Rickettsia spp., and prevalence was almost equal for both sexes 52.1% (73/140) females and 51.4% (57/111) males. Approximately 2% (4/251) of adult ticks tested positive for E. chaffeensis, all from Table Rock Wildlife Management Area where 12% (3/25) of female and 4% (1/25) of males tested positive. Ticks collected in Indian Cave State Park, Schramm SRA, and Table Rock WMA were almost 2% (4/251) positive for E. ewingii, including 2.1% (3/140) female and 0.9% (1/111) male ticks. Co-infection with Rickettsia spp. and E. chaffeensis was detected from 8.0% (2/25) of female and 4.0% (1/25) of male adult ticks from Table Rock Wildlife Management Area. Lone star ticks are established at the six collection sites in southeast Nebraska, and lone star tick-associated disease microorganisms are present in Nebraska.
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