Entomology, Department of


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Kneeland, K.M., S.R. Skoda, J.A. Hogsette, A.Y. Li, J. Molina-Ochoa, K.H. Lohmeyer, and J.E. Foster. 2012. A Century and a Half of Research on the Stable Fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), 1862- 2011: An Annotated Bibliography. ARS-173. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Washington, DC.


U.S. Government Work


The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a cosmopolitan pest of livestock, wild animals, pets, and humans. It is a primary pest of cattle in the United States, estimated to cause more than $1 billion in economic losses annually. It also causes dissension at the rural-urban interface and is a problem in recreation areas such as Florida beaches and the Great Lakes. Due to its pestiferous nature and painful bite, methods to control stable flies have been investigated for over a century. A large amount of research has been reported on stable fly biology, ecology, genetics, physiology, and vector competence. For this bibliography, literature has been gathered from journals and other resources available to the authors, and a selected number of articles have been annotated. This bibliography represents an update of literature published since 1980; literature from pre-1980 was included if copy could be ascertained.