Date of this Version
E. A. Heinrichs, J. E. Foster.1997. Insect resistant rice, maize and wheat. In: International Symposium: Molecular Genetics and Breeding of Crops and Animals, November 14, 1997, Korean Association of Science Societies for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and National Instrumentation Center for Environmental Management, 31 pages.
The achievement of self sufficiency in food production is a major objective of governments throughout the world. Insects are one of the major constraints that limit the production of food crops. To mitigate losses due to insects. insect resistant cultivars are sought as a major tactic in the development of integrated pest management strategies. The integration of insect resistant cultivars with other pest management tactics contributes to crop pest management strategies that are environmentally and economically acceptable. Multiple pest resistant crop cultivars have high yield stability when grown in pest-infested environments. Significant progress on a global basis has been achieved in the breeding and commercial utilization of insect resistant rice, maize and wheat cultivars and examples are discussed. Biotechnology tools have been successfully used to overcome some of the breeding constraints that have limited the development of insect resistant crop cultivars and transgenic cultivars are being commercially grown.