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Drought occurs in basically dry area around the area of less precipitation but it affects all around the world that can occur anywhere there is a deficit of rainfall from expected levels. This happened by the extreme climate event over land lower precipitation over a period of months to years. This could affect agricultural systems around the world, within food, ecologically atmosphere condition and also the habitation food security. From the developing in the modern technology, since the environment of nature is the basic element of living creature, human would be facing the challenging of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and food security problems in the future. Those world climate change not only effect around the desert area but also became aridity desertification area.
Comparing eastern and western institutions could give some decent synergy for the future global drought. This thesis will examine the NDMC (National Drought Mitigation Center) located at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and K-Water, which is a federal level ministry dealing with drought events located in South Korea.
Korea Peninsula have good condition to cultivate with crop agriculture techniques needed to overcome the only focus raining only summer and some weather period. Recent droughts in South Korea have had large environmental and economic impacts across the country. Changes in rainfall and hydrologic patterns due to climate change can potentially demonstrate extreme droughts occurs and affect the future availability of water resources.
Distribute the maps of certain areas and compare each with drought impact types. The Drought Monitor can make an accurate and variety kinds of information sources become available. While this process, it is able to attach many different products from regional and global drought system in the world such as NIDIS (National Integrated Drought Information System) by grading standard level of drought from D0 to D4. D3 is the point that USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) use as a criteria for an agricultural relief (Van Loon, et al. 2013).