Environmental Studies Program



Erin O'Sullivan

Date of this Version



Environmental Studies Undergraduate Student Thesis, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2023


Copyright 2023, Erin O'Sullivan


The literature focusing on the relationship between gender and environmental sustainability is vast. Research has focused on how gender relates to pro-sustainable behavior but fails to analyze this beyond individual action. Research has also found positive correlations between women’s representation at a state’s political level and different factors of state sustainability. However, literature has fallen short on analyzing if there is a causal effect between these factors. This study aimed to fill this gap in the literature and analyzes how the ratio of women in parliament in a state affects the state’s environmental sustainability. Although the results showed no statistically significant correlation of this causal relationship, the research can serve as a basis for future analysis. The findings and critiques emphasize the need to develop a consistently calculated dataset of state environmental sustainability that incorporates a multitude of sustainable indicators. By filling the identified gap in the literature and improving the datasets available, the ability to persuade legislators and provide accurate qualitative information can hopefully improve.