Date of this Version



© 1994, The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska on behalf of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension. All rights reserved.


Nebraska’s adverse weather conditions affect winter wheat during much of its growth. The newer varieties of wheat have increased winter hardiness, and better management practices have reduced winter injury of winter wheat, yet low temperature injury during winter and spring can be destructive. Wheat has little resistance to low temperatures after it begins growing in the spring; therefore, injury from freezes at this time can occur in any part of the state. This publication describes temperature conditions that cause winter injury, symptoms of injury at different spring growth stages, and management practices to use when wheat is injured.