English, Department of


Date of this Version


Document Type



The George Eliot Review 18 (1987)


Published by The George Eliot Review Online https://GeorgeEliotReview.org


George Eliot's "favorite painting in all the world" was Raphael's "Sistine Madonna”, which she and George Henry Lewes first viewed at Dresden when she was writing Adam Bede. In her journal, she recorded that on her first sight of the painting she sat down briefly, but then "a sort of awe, as if I were suddenly in the presence of some glorious being, made my heart swell too much for me to remain comfortably, and we hurried out of the room" (Haight 264). Each day as they came to the gallery, they would return last to what Lewes termed “this sublimest picture” (Haight 264).

Hugh Witemeyer, in George Eliot and the Visual Arts, discusses in considerable detail Eliot's artistic taste and knowledge of the visual arts. In commenting on her love for Raphael's "Sistine Madonna” and European portraiture generally, he says that portraiture of course "posed the problem that occupied her as a novelist: how best to represent human beings" (22). After portraiture, she most admired "the sacred and heroic painting of the Italian Renaissance and of Rubens" because there she could see \la union of the ideal with the real that she Longed to recapture in her own art" (22). Eliot shared Lewes' view that “a well-painted face, with a noble expression, is the highest reach of art, as the human soul is the highest thing we know” (Witemeyer 25). Commenting further on her taste, Witemeyer says:

On the one hand, she was culturally predisposed toward Raphael and a Raphaelite norm of beauty - classical, spiritualized, and serene. On the other hand, she could also take pleasure in the style of Rubens - baroque, fleshly and dynamic. (23).

To George Eliot, expression was all-important, being lithe gateway to the soul, the mind, the passions, the sentiments, transmitting the invisible life through a visible language of facial and corporal signs" (Witemeyer 27).