Date of this Version
If one were asked to pick the one scientific paper having the most influence on pest management, it would be hard to argue with the choice of "The Integrated Control Concept" by Stern, Smith, van den Bosch, and Hagen, published in 1959. This paper is generally regarded as having introduced the idea of economic threshold. The term "Integrated Control" soon gave way to "Integrated Management," emphasizing the notion that pest populations need to be managed in order to avoid unnecessary economic loss. Thus was born Integrated Pest Management (lPM). In the intervening four decades there have been some well-known books published on the subject, both technical and historical. As Higley and Pedigo point out in their introduction to this volume, however, there have been very few symposia or collections of papers, so Economic Thresholds for Integrated Pest Management fills an important gap in the literature.