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This study investigated woody plant composition, structure, and biomass of hedgerows and fencerows, and for effects between human attitudes and management practices; Fencerows arise as narrow strips of woody and herbaceous plants at field margins and property boundaries. Hedgerows grow from intentional linear plantings. Exotic species were more important in fencerow composition. Hackberry, Missouri gooseberry, American plum, and white mulberry readily inhabited both fencerows and hedgerows. Woody plants exhibited clumped distribution in both hedgerows and fencerows. A moisture gradient emerged as a factor in distribution of species. Management caused a significant difference in species richness and biomass in both hedgerows and fencerows. Hedgerows (discounting basal area of Osage-orange) had less tree biomass than fencerows and were more evenly distributed between center and margin. For all hedgerows, there was a significant difference between management schemes based on preservation-removal attitude scores.