Honors Program


Document Type


Date of this Version

Fall 11-12-2020


Miller, Macy. What Makes Green Parties Successful: A Comparative Analysis of Germany, Austria, and France. Undergraduate Honors Thesis. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. November 2020.


Copyright Macy Miller 2020.


Starting in the 1980s, green parties began to make their debut. Their establishment was considered to be largely in response to environmental and anti-nuclear movements. Although their history has been quite brief, these parties have been making waves throughout the world. Throughout this research, a pattern arises between economic stability and quality of life, mainstream party competition, policy positions, and green voters themselves when examining the success of the green parties. In particular, they have demonstrated great success in the European Union. In an attempt to explain this success, this research explores three specific green parties: the German, the Austrian, and the French. Through the lens of these three countries, it eventually becomes clear why some are more successful than others in pushing their environmental agenda. In light of the discoveries of this research, the future of green parties is hopeful and through following the guidelines found, any greens can be successful.