Aspen M. Workman https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2852-3519
Michael P. Heaton https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1386-1208
Timothy P. L. Smith https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1611-6828
Date of this Version
Workman, A.M.; Heaton, M.P.;Webster, D.A.; Harhay, G.P.; Kalbfleisch, T.S.; Smith, T.P.L.; Falkenberg, S.M.; Carlson, D.F.; Sonstegard, T.S. Evaluating Large Spontaneous Deletions in a Bovine Cell Line Selected for Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Resistance. Viruses 2021, 13, 2147. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/v13112147
Bovine viral diarrhea virus’s (BVDV) entry into bovine cells involves attachment of virions to cellular receptors, internalization, and pH-dependent fusion with endosomal membranes. The primary host receptor for BVDV is CD46; however, the complete set of host factors required for virus entry is unknown. The Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cell line is susceptible to BVDV infection, while a derivative cell line (CRIB) is resistant at the level of virus entry. We performed complete genome sequencing of each to identify genomic variation underlying the resistant phenotype with the aim of identifying host factors essential for BVDV entry. Three large compound deletions in the BVDV-resistant CRIB cell line were identified and predicted to disrupt the function or expression of the genes PTPN12, GRID2, and RABGAP1L. However, CRISPR/Cas9 mediated knockout of these genes, individually or in combination, in the parental MDBK cell line did not impact virus entry or replication. Therefore, resistance to BVDV in the CRIB cell line is not due to the apparent spontaneous loss of PTPN12, GRID2, or RABGAP1L gene function. Identifying the functional cause of BVDV resistance in the CRIB cell line may require more detailed comparisons of the genomes and epigenomes.