U.S. Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service


Date of this Version



Anderson, A.M., C. Slootmaker, E.E. Harper, S.A. Shwiff, and R.S. Miller. 2019. Predation and disease-related economic impacts of wild pigs on livestock producers in 13 states. Crop Protection 121:121-126.

doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2019.03.007


U.S. government work


We report the results of a survey on wild pigs (Sus scrofa) damage to livestock producers in 13 US states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas). The survey was distributed by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service in the summer of 2017 to a sample of livestock producers in the 13-state region. Findings indicate that predation and disease-related damage can be substantial in certain states and for certain types of livestock. In particular, damage to cattle operations in Texas and Arkansas was substantially higher than damage in other states and types of livestock operations. When extrapolated to livestock producers across the entire 13-state region, we estimated that damages sum to an annual cost of about $40 million. We hope findings from this survey will help guide control efforts and research, as well as serve as a benchmark against which the effectiveness of future control efforts can be measured.