Institute for the Advancement of Developing Economies


Date of this Version


Document Type



Journal for the Advancement of Developing Economies 2012 Volume 1 Issue 3



Copyright (c) 2012 JADE


The urban population of Punjab is growing rapidly. It is projected that there will be a 25 to 30 percent increase in urban population by 2020. This rapid population increase is causing major problems in the efficient provision of urban services in these cities. To evaluate the effect of this population increase, this paper tries to produce an integrated assessment of water stress and scarcity, linking physical estimates of water availability with socioeconomic variables that reflect poverty, i.e., a Water Poverty Index. It is understood that poor households face the problem of the accessibility of potable water, and this results in a significant loss of time and effort, especially for women. On the basis of multiple data sources, this paper evaluates water poverty in three panels of large, intermediate, and small cities of Punjab. The results show the same water poverty level within the panels but a higher poverty level in large cities than small and intermediate cities.