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Job specialization is the degree to which the overall task of the organization is broken down into smaller component parts. Departmentalization, on the other hand, is the grouping of jobs according to some logical arrangement. The effect of these two variables on job satisfaction among the staff of a library was the focus of this study. A descriptive research design was adopted while a survey method was employed to elicit information from the respondents for this study. Fifty (50) copies of questionnaires with 30 structured questions were distributed among the staff of Nimbe Adedipe Library, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta and 45 (90%) were returned. The questionnaire sought information on respondents’ demography, job specialization, departmentalization and effects of job specialization and departmentalization on job satisfaction of the respondents. Data analysis was based on 42 questionnaires as 3 were unusable. Among the findings of this study was that majority of the staff of the sampled library were fully satisfied with their present area of specialization. Although, Cataloguing Section was perceived as the most boring section to work in any library, this may not be true after all, since the introduction of online copy cataloguing and classification that gives room for interaction with computer system and sometimes further navigations to ascertain the authenticity of the information being used on the Internet. This study finally concludes that job satisfaction is individualistic and it affects one’s feelings or state of mind. When the library personnel feel satisfied, they will be less likely to leave the job.