Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version

Spring 12-1-2017

Document Type



1. Klausner, C, 2002. Bureaucracy in the Seljuk Era, Translated by Yaqub Ajand. Amir Kabir Press.

2. Lambton, A, 2007. Continuity and Changes in Medieval Persia. Translated by Yaqub Ajand. Ney Press.

3. Bahmani Motlaq, Y., S. Tayefi and M. Najafi arab , 2011. Stylistic Analysis of Rahat Al-Sudur. Stylistics of Persian Poem and Prose (Spring of Literature), 4(1): 103-202.

4. Hasanzadeh, I., 2007. Historicism and Historiography of Emad al-din Kateb Esfahani. Human Sciences Quarterly, Alzahra University, 17(45): 21-55.

5. Turkamani Azar, P., and S. Jangjou Golanji, 2014. Comparative Study of Historicism and Historiography of Neyshabouri and Ravandi. Historical Papers, 5(1): 43-63.

6. Sedghi, N, 2014. Historiography in Seljuk era’s Iran, The History of Islam Research Center Press.

7. Tabatabaei, S.J, 2009. An Introduction to the History of Political Thought in Iran. Kavir Press, P:112.

8. Tetley, G.E, 2009. The Gaznavid and Seljuk Turks(Poetry as a source for Iranian history). Routledge Press, P: 20.

9. Peacock, A.c.s.2007. Mediaeval Islamic Historiography and Political Legitimacy. Routledge Press, P: 27.

10. Onsor-al-Ma’ali, Q.K. 1967. Qabus-Nama. edited by Gholam Hossein Yousefi, Translation Book Publishing Agency Press. PP: 177, 216, 220.

11. Al-Ghazali, M. 1968. Nasihat al-Muluk. edited by Jalal al-Din Homaie, The Cultural Works and Figures Association Press. P: 181.

12. Nizam al-Mulk, H.I.A. 1969. Siyasatnama. Edited by Dr. Jafar Shoa’r, Pocket Books Co Press. PP: 245 and 246.

13. Op.Cit. p: 30.

14. Meysami, J.S. 2012. Persian Historiography; Samanids, Ghaznavids, Seljuks. Translated by Mohammad Dehghani, Mahi Press. P: 17.

15. Ravandi, M.I.A.I.S. 2007. Rahat al-Sudur and Ayat al-Surur in the History of Seljuk Dynasty, edited by Mohammad Iqbal, Asatir Press. PP: 25, 69, 273, and 250.

16. Op.Cit. p: 167.

17. Bahmani-Motlag et al., 2011: 185.

18. Ravandi, 2007: 273.

19. Ashraf, A. 2016. Iranian Identity from Ancient Times to the end of Pahlavi. Translation and Editing: Hamid Ahmadi, Ney Press. P: 114.

20. Ravandi, 2007: 28.

21. Op.Cit. p: 66.

22. Op.Cit. p: 29.

23. Op.Cit. p: 123.

24. The Letter of Tansar. 1975. Edited by Mojtaba Minavi, Kharazmi Press. P: 139.

25. Ravandi, 2007: 68.

26. Op.Cit. p: 69.

27. Op.Cit. p: 257.

28. Op.Cit. p: 129.

29. Op.Cit. p: 125.

30. Tabatabaei, S.J. 1996. Khajeh Nizam al-Mulk. Ney Press. P: 30.

31. Ravandi, 2007: 74.

32. Op.Cit. p: 97.

33. Op.Cit. p: 110.

34. Op.Cit. p: 128.

35. Op.Cit. p: 133.

36. Op.Cit. p: 239.

37. Op.Cit. p: 241.

38. Op.Cit. p: 125.

39. Op.Cit. p: 132.

40. Op.Cit. p: 134.

41. Bondari Isfahani, History of Seljuk dynasty. Translated by Mohammad Hossein Jalili, Iran Culture Foundation Press. P: 72; Neyshabouri, Z.A.D. 1953. Saljuknama. Kalaleh Khavar Press. P: 33; Hosseini, S.A.D. 2001. Zobdat al-Tawarikh: The News of the Governors and Seljuk kings. Translated by Ramadan Ali Rouhollahi, Shahsevan Baghdadi Press. P: 101.

42. Muayyed Sabeti, S.A. 1967. Historical Documents and Letters; From the Early Islamic Period to the End of the Shah Isma'il Safavi era, Tahuri Library Press. P: 20.

43. Azad Armaki, T., and M. Kamali. 2012. Political legitimacy and Power Structure in the Seljuk Rule. Sociology of History, 4(2): 117-144.

44. Ravandi, 2007: 31.

45. Op.Cit. p: 111.

46. Op.Cit. p: 118.

47. Bulliet, R. 1978. Local Politics in Estern Iran Under the Ghaznavids and Seljuks. Iranian studies, 1(4): 35-56.

48. Ravandi, 2007: 145.

49. Lambton, 2007: 49.

50. Klausner, 2002: 107.

51. Ravandi, 2007: 232.

52. Zahir al-Din Neyshaburi, 1953: 57.

53. Ravandi, 2007: 230 and 231.


The ministry organization as a symbol of Iranian sreaming is the important element in Iranian historiography. Reproduction of many of Iranshahri thoughts teachings in Seljuk's period provided background for note historians to ministry organization. With the domination of Turks on Iran was established ministry s status until free rulers of the art of government benefit of ministry's knowledge. Ravandi was one of the important historians in Seljuk's period. However, he extracted his historical narratives from Saljuknameh, but with the completion of them with other sources and analyzing of dates. His book was changed to an important source with a different style. Ministry organization was High-Frequency concept in Ravandi historiography. His historiography has been set as useful epistle for express reasons. The ministry in his historiography was a symbol of foresight that was a cause of stable government. This article is going to enter a descriptive and analytical methodology to analyzed Ravandi's approach to ministerial organization and answered to these questions what impact of ministry status on Seljuk's period in Ravandi's historiography? And this approach has been influenced by what factors shape?