Culture as defined by Tylor is that complex whole including beliefs, art, region, values, norms, ideas, law, taught, knowledge, custom and other capabilities acquired by a man as a member of a society. Culture is the totality of human experience acquired during transmission of heritage from one generation to another and to learn the ways of learning, eating, drinking, behaving, walking, dressing, and working etc.
The culture of Bengal encompasses the Bengal region in south Asia, mainly including Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam (Barak Valley), where the Bengali language is the official and primary language. Nineteenth-century (mainly the period of Raja Ram Mohan Roy to Rabindranath Tagore) having a great concentration of scholars, social and religious reformers, scientists, literary giants, patriotic orators etc. brought renaissance in Bengal and transform it from the ‘medieval’ to the ‘modern’. Social reformers established many libraries as community learning space started with The Calcutta Public Library, in the year 1836, the first modern public library in South Asia. From that era role of public library and its purpose of use have changed time to time. A brief description has given about the public library movement and the changes of public library use in the cultural context of present West Bengal.