This research was carried with the sole aim of finding out how to improve the economic status of the rural dwellers in Ogun State, Nigeria. It is based on empirical evidence to elucidate the role of the public library in the development of the rural sector of the society. The descriptive study sampled 300 male and female rural dwellers through the use of questionnaire and focus group discussion as instruments of data collection. The focus group discussion was specifically chosen in a bid to have an interactive session with the respondents so as to gain information not captured in the questionnaire. The findings revealed that the respondents need information about their different areas of occupation, employment opportunities, Welfare and Family matters, information is needed on laws that affect the rural dwellers. This shows that there is need for the services of public libraries to the rural communities.