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This study was designed to identify Information Retrieval Skills and the Use of Electronic Resources in University Libraries by Undergraduate Students in Benue State University. Four questions were raised and answered. Population for the study was 6194 registered 200 level library users in the Benue State University. The sample size for the study was 376 respondents. Data was collected through questionnaire. Data was analysed using mean, standard deviation and Chi-square statistics. Findings for the study revealed that informational retrieval skills significantly affect the use of electronic resources by undergraduate students of Benue State University Makurdi. The study concluded that informational retrieval skills are indispensable for use of library e-resources by undergraduates in universities however the extent to which they possess these skills is not enough for effective and efficient use of the electronic resources and the students are faced with a plethora of challenges that affect their use of these resources to retrieve information for their academic work. The study recommended that University libraries should organize programmes that will assist undergraduates to acquire the information retrieval skills needed for the use of e-resources and University management should make provision for standby generator to complement the public power supply.