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Motivation is one of the key factors in the job performance of employees, especially in colleges of education libraries. Despite their being important, there is a lingering need to find their effect on the job performance of library workers in colleges of education in South-west, Nigeria. A Survey research design of correlational approach was adopted using a questionnaire as the only data gathering instrument of information from the respondents. On the whole, 210 copies of the questionnaire were administered; out of which, a total number of 198 copies were retrieved this gives 94.3% return rate of the administered research instrument for the study. The data for this study was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency count, simple percentages method, mean and standard deviation. The hypothesis was analyzed using simple regression analysis. The result affirmed that the level of job performance of library workers in colleges of education in South-West, Nigeria was high. The study established that motivational factors extensively predict job performance of the library workers. Findings also indicated that there was a positive significant influence of motivation on job performance of library workers in colleges of education in South-West, Nigeria, [t(190) = 8.422, p<.05], which implies that library workers cannot perform best on their job when motivated. The study concludes by recommending, that that motivational strategies applied by the college management paved a good way for library workers on job performance in South-West, Nigeria and this must be sustained by the college administrators.