Date of this Version
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the overall reasons for the difficulties in India’s contemporary library institutions. This difficulty is complicated by the historical origins of the general public libraries in India and, more broadly, by the difficult relationship between the Indian culture, government initiatives and today’s world.
Methodology: A theoretical discussion on the role of Indian public libraries with government initiatives to achieve the role of Indian public libraries.
Findings: The problems faced by the public libraries of India have been listed. There are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India, out of which only 19 states have library legislation in force and only five of them have a provision for library cess or levy. It has also been observed that there is no library legislation in a state with a low literacy rate. The lack of political consensus and goodwill, as well as the legislative process and legal issues involved in policymaking, have severely hampered of public libraries for the people of India. This paper needs to be considered in recent times to make the current national acts and the state library law in tune with the changing times and reflects the important phases of the IFLA's campaign, It is inclusive of government policies to include universal or public access to information literacy, information and communication and cultural heritage. The paper finds that the continuing acquisition of government initiatives, the development of a form of politics in the country suspended between centralised government and the claims of the local self-governments are all factors that have influenced the establishment of the public libraries in India.
Originality/Value: Conjecturing the circumstances of the questionable origins of the public libraries in India can be of cooperating when determining which model to use in the future. A proper model for this system must not ignore but, in contrast, must improve the role of the library as a social institution of the history of a particular community.